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New agencies in the area of transport - detailed questions for reviewing of the Swedish Transport Administration and the Swedish Transport Agency (2014:33)

Commission to review the Swedish Transport Administration and the Swedish Transport Agency

Statskontoret has been commissioned by the government to review the operations and results of the Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket) and the Swedish Transport Agency (Transportstyrelsen). The review will be made in the light of organisational changes that have been implemented in the transport sector. The commission includes analysing whether the changes brought about the synergy effects predicted, analysing obstacles to the agencies in carrying out their tasks and analysing the need to clarify the division of roles between the agencies. In accordance with the commission, Statskontoret may submit a proposal for measures to be taken.

This report is an interim report. Statskontoret will submit a final report by 12 June 2015. The interim report is a survey in which we have identified detailed questions that should be analysed more closely in the work with the final report.

Detailed questions regarding the Swedish Transport Agency

The main task of the Swedish Transport Agency is to manage legislation, authorisation and supervision in the transport sector. The Transport Agency shall promote the efficiency and simplicity of the regulatory framework and procedures and work towards legislation and supervision being uniform across the different modes of transport. How the agency carries out its operations has a major impact on the transport sector. Statskontoret therefore intends to analyse the following detailed question in further investigative work:

  • Do the working methods and organisation of the Transport Agency provide the right conditions for the regulatory framework and procedures used by the agency to be cost-effective and straightforward?
  • Do the working methods and organisation of the Transport Agency provide the right conditions to achieve uniformity between modes of transport in the provision of regulations and supervision?

This task includes the analysis of what obstacles there may be for the Transport Agency in carrying out its supervisory tasks, and whether the government's control of this is appropriate. It may also be relevant to analyse what the supervisory task of the Transport Agency means in relation to the Transport Administration.

The Transport Agency also has the task of carrying out market surveillance for all modes of transport. Statskontoret's investigation shows there are unclear areas and viewpoints on the Transport Agency's market surveillance task which justify a closer analysis. In its continued investigation, Statskontoret therefore intends to analyse the following detailed question:

  • What does a market surveillance task in the area of transport involve, and what role and task should the Transport Agency have in this issue?

The question includes an analysis of potential obstacles to carrying out market surveillance in the transport sector and whether the government's control of this is appropriate.

Statskontoret also intends to analyse whether the Transport Agency has organised its overall internal control and organisation so that it promotes the transmodal learning process.

Related detailed questions regarding the Transport Administration

From a transmodal perspective, the Transport Administration shall be responsible for the long-term infrastructure planning of road, rail, sea and air transport. An important part of this work is to submit proposals for a national plan for the development and maintenance of public infrastructure, as well as supporting documents for the corresponding county plans.

The Transport Administration's infrastructure planning stands out as one of the most important areas where there may be synergy gains to be made through a transmodal organisation. In its continued investigation, Statskontoret therefore intends to analyse the following question of detail regarding the Transport Administration as an infrastructure planner:

  • Do the working methods and organisation of the Transport Administration provide the right conditions for the agency to make transmodal assessments and considerations in its long-term financial planning?

This includes an analysis of the conditions and obstacles there are for the Transport Administration to make transmodal assessments and considerations, and how the government's control affects the conditions for the agency's planning work.

The Transport Administration also has an important role as a purchaser of operations, maintenance and investment in transport infrastructure. In particular, the agency must ensure that productivity, innovation and efficiency increase in the markets. Improved productivity in the construction industry has been an important motive behind organisational changes in the transport sector. In its continued investigation, Statskontoret therefore intends to analyse the following detailed question concerning the Transport Administration as purchaser:

  • Have the Transport Administration's working methods and organisation of purchasing operations created the right conditions for good productivity development and innovation in the construction market?

The question includes analysing what conditions and obstacles there are for the Transport Administration to develop its role as a purchaser, and to analyse how government control affects the agency in this respect.

Statskontoret also intends to analyse whether the Transport Administration has arranged its overall internal control and organisation so as to promote transmodal learning and other benefits that were intended when the agency was established.

Detailed question concerning the division of roles and responsibilities for research, statistics and analyses

On the basis of Statskontoret's investigation, we note that there is no widespread or significant criticism of the overall distribution of roles between the agencies in the transport sector. With respect to the issues of research, statistics and analytical operations, however, Statskontoret considers that there is a risk of the same or similar work being carried out by several agencies. In its continued investigation, Statskontoret therefore intends to analyse the following detailed question:

  • Is the overall control and organisation of research, statistics and analytical work appropriately designed in the transport sector?

This question includes analysing how the government controls the work by the commissions given to the agencies.